Crohns disease is an exceedingly difficult condition to cope with. Most sufferers seek information on the disease so as to find a cure to the problem. Unfortunately, so far no cure has been found for it. However, firstly it is best to use information on the disease to understand the condition properly.
It would be in order to begin with information about what really is this disease. When any part of the alimentary canal, right from the mouth to the anus, though mostly the terminal part, gets inflamed causing pain and damage to it, it is called Crohns disease. Rectal bleeding, diarrhoea and ulceration are some of the common symptoms of the condition. It is also called regional enteritis or ileitis and also bears resemblance to ulcerative colitis. Together these diseases are called inflammatory bowel diseases. This is a chronic condition that remains incurable so far and characteristically shows flare ups and remissions.
The next fundamental question is regarding the cause of the disease. Here, there are no clear answers.The information on the disease that is present expounds on several theories as possible explanations. The most widely accepted theory is that the bodys immune system goes haywire and behaves abnormally confusing food and other such things for foreign particles, consequently attacking them. This leads to an unusual collection of white blood cells in the digestive tract causing inflammations, ulcerations, injury to the bowels and of course, extreme pain. At the same time, information on the disease is unclear whether the immune system theory is actually the cause or a consequence of the disease.
Some important information on the disease is with respect to the predisposing factors. It has been observed that the disease strikes people between the young age of 15 and 35. Information on Crohns disease also points out that it is common in Europe and North America, with USA being the world leader and Asia and South America having the lowest incidence rates. The white population, Jews and smokers are more susceptible to the disease. Going by information available on disease, heredity too plays a role in predisposing a person to the disease. Men are more afflicted by the disease as compared to women and urban areas show greater prevalence of the disease than rural areas.
To conclusively determine whether or not a person has the disease, physical examination, blood and stool tests are necessary and the medical history of the person has to be considered. Barium xrays and endoscopic examinations are used for detecting the disease.
While most of the information on the disease available is inconclusive, it has been accepted that heredity, immunity and environment together do contribute to the disease. Emotional and physical stress are major aggravators and management of the disease entails alterations in diet and lifestyle.
Keeping in mind all the information on Crohns disease and its different aspects, it is quite possible to keep a hold on the condition so as to lead a normal life.